ADHD - understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, handling

By trima sandhyka - Wednesday, April 12, 2017 No Comments

Understanding ADHD


ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a long-term disorder that strikes millions of children with symptoms that can last until adulthood. Anyone likely to suffer from a condition more commonly known as hyperactive. But ADHD is commonly experienced by people with learning disabilities.
ADHD - understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, handling


ADHD Symptoms and Risk Factors
A number of experienced behavioral symptoms in ADHD include difficulty concentrating as well as the emergence of hyperactive and impulsive behavior. ADHD symptoms usually visible from an early age and is usually more pronounced when there is a change in the situation around the child, for example, began studying at the school.
Most cases of ADHD detected at the age of 6 to 12 years. Children with ADHD tend to have lower self-esteem, difficulty making friends, and having inadequate achievement.
ADHD tends to be more common and easily detected in males than females. For example, boys generally have a more hyperactive behavior while girls tend to be more silent and difficulty concentrating.
The cause of ADHD is not known with certainty. Numerous studies show that there are several factors that can potentially affect a person's risk level. These risk factors include heredity, the influence of abnormalities in the central nervous system, as well as the effects of premature birth.

ADHD Diagnosis Process

Not all children have difficulty concentrating and hyperactivity must have ADHD. Healthy children are generally very active and often makes parents overwhelmed.
Therefore, the diagnosis of ADHD requires the cooperation of various parties. A number of physical and psychological examination of pediatricians and psychiatrists will be undertaken by people with ADHD.

Step Treatments for ADHD

ADHD include conditions that can not be cured completely. The symptoms can sometimes be reduced with age, but there are also sufferers who still experience it to adulthood.
However, there are several methods that can be studied in order that these symptoms can be controlled. A number of handling steps ADHD may include medications, behavioral therapy and social interaction therapy.

Symptoms Of ADHD

Indications of ADHD is generally visible from an early age, before 6 years old and tend to be more pronounced when there is a change in the situation around the child, for example, began studying at the school. Most cases of ADHD detected at the age of 6-12 years with symptoms that include:
  • It's hard to concentrate and his attention is diverted.
  • Difficult to obey instructions.
  • Tend to look not listen.
  • Careless in doing the task.
  • Can not stand still or restless.
  • Can not wait.
  • Forgetfulness and loss of goods, such as stationery.
  • Difficulties in arranging.
  • Often do not complete the assigned task and turning over the task.
  • Always move or very physically active.
  • Constantly talking.
  • Acting without thinking.
  • Less understood the danger or adverse consequences.
  • Often interrupting others.
Unlike the symptoms of ADHD in children and adolescents are easily recognizable, indicative of ADHD in adults, including difficult to detect. Experts suspect that one experiences symptoms of ADHD as adults must have originated from childhood.
ADHD symptoms are commonly experienced by children and adolescents above are also sometimes experienced by adult patients, but with different intensities. Will usually be reduced hyperactive behavior, difficulty concentrating while symptoms tend to worsen with increasing pressures of life.
Adults with ADHD generally will have problems in education and employment, for example due to poor organizational skills or can not determine priorities. Life and social relationships can also be blocked, for example, difficult to have a friend or partner because it tends to easily irritable or emotionally.
ADHD will not trigger a psychological disorder or other developments. However, this condition can usually be experienced in conjunction with several other disorders such as depression , bipolar disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder or OCD .
If you suspect your child is having most of the symptoms of ADHD, you should immediately take him to the doctor. A series of physical and psychological examinations will be conducted in order to diagnose the type of interference as well as evaluating the trigger.

Causes Of ADHD


The cause of ADHD is not known with certainty. But some studies show that a person's risk of suffering from this condition can be caused by a combination of several factors.
  • Heredity. Having a mother, father, or brother with the same condition or another mental disorder.
  • Birth prematurely, before 37 weeks gestation.
  • Abnormalities in the structure or function of the brain, such as imbalances in neurotransmitter levels in the brain or impaired performance.
  • The brain damage that occurs in the womb or early childhood.
  • Mothers who use illicit drugs, consuming alcohol, and smoking during pregnancy.
  • Exposure to toxins from the environment in childhood, such as lead contained in paint.

Diagnosis Of ADHD



Not all children are difficult to concentrate and hyperactivity must have ADHD. Healthy children are generally very active and often makes parents overwhelmed. Teens too. Although it looks like not listening to the conversation, impulsive behavior, and they tend to be easily distracted attention, they are not necessarily suffering from ADHD.
Therefore, the diagnosis of ADHD requires the cooperation of various parties. There is a series of physical and psychological examination of pediatricians and psychiatrists to be undertaken patients. In addition to the family, the school (especially teachers) should also be involved in this process.
On the other hand, the diagnosis of ADHD in adult patients is quite difficult. The diagnosis is usually only be ascertained if patients already have symptoms of ADHD since childhood.
Doctors and psychiatrists will also involve the family (especially parents), teachers, and contacts the patient to inquire behavior when still a child. According to experts, the patient is considered to have ADHD if these symptoms are not experienced since childhood.

ADHD Treatment


Although it can not be cured completely, there are several types of medication and therapy for ADHD that can be selected. Countermeasures is done to alleviate the symptoms so that patients can enjoy a normal life and better quality. The combination of drugs and therapy generally is the best way to deal with ADHD.
However, there are no shortcuts to deal with ADHD. It takes a time commitment, emotional, and financial that does little to find the combination of the right ADHD treatment method and is suitable for you or your child.
Treatment with Drugs
Although no cure, medications can reduce symptoms of ADHD. There are 5 types of drugs commonly used, namely methylphenidate , dexamfetamine , lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine , and guanfacine . By eating them, these drugs will make people become more calm and decrease impulsivity so that the patient can be more focused.
Methylphenidate , dexamfetamine , and lisdexamfetamine included in the class of stimulant drugs. These drugs will lead to increased brain activity, especially on the control of attention and behavior.
Methylphenidate is generally given to adolescents and children over 6 years. If the patient does not fit with this drug, doctors will replace it with dexamfetamine recommended for children over 3 years.
If stimulant medications are not suitable for the patient, for example, for certain health reasons, your doctor will usually give atomoxetine . These drugs include the type of selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). SNRI compounds will increase the levels of noradrenaline in the brain so that it can help in concentration and impulse control. Atomoxetine can be prescribed for adolescents and children over 6 years.
For teenagers and children who can not use drugs above, guanfacine will menkadi alternatives. This drug works to improve concentration as well as lowering blood pressure.
All drugs definitely have side effects, including medications for ADHD. Some common side effects when using it is a headache , no appetite, and indigestion . But users atomoxetine should be more vigilant because these drugs are also suspected to cause serious side effects, which triggers suicidal thoughts as well as liver damage.
Patients who have undergone treatment step should be screened regularly to the doctor until symptoms of ADHD was significantly reduced. After his condition improved too, it is recommended that patients undergo periodic examination.
Handling Through Therapy
In addition to medication, treatment ADHD can be equipped with therapy. This method is also useful for dealing with other disorders that may accompany ADHD, such as depression . The types of therapy can be an option include:
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT ( cognitive behavioral therapy ) . This therapy helps people with ADHD to change the mindset and behavior when faced with a problem or situation.
  • Psychological therapy . People with ADHD will be invited to share in this therapy, such as their difficulty in overcoming the symptoms of ADHD and finding ways to cope with the symptoms.
  • Training of social interaction . This type of therapy can help people with ADHD to understand the proper social behavior in certain situations.
People close to ADHD such as parents, siblings, and teachers also need knowledge and assistance in order to guide the patient. Here are some types of therapy and training that may be useful.
  • Behavioral therapy . In this therapy, parents and nurses with ADHD will be trained to develop a strategy to assist the patient in everyday behavior and cope with difficult situations. For example, by applying the system to encourage the patient's praise.
  • The training program and instruction for parents . In addition to helping parents to better understand the behavior of people with ADHD, this step can give an idea of the specific guidance needed sufferers.
ADHD can not be cured, but proper diagnosis and early treatment can help people to adapt to the conditions at the same time everyday life.

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